November is National Diabetes Awareness Month......
November 14, WORLD DIABETES DAY
The Empire State Building to light up for the WORLD DIABETES DAY.... 2009 Campaign slogan is " Understand Diabetes and Take Control "
Tuesday, November 10, 2009
November is National Diabetes Awareness Month......
Sunday, August 16, 2009
August 18, 2009
Prof. Kloog's student Adi Mor of TAU's Department of Neuro-biochemistry and Sackler School of Medicine has modified Prof. Kloog's anti-Ras FTS compound to develop what could be the first tablet-based treatment for children and adults with Type 1 diabetes. Early results show that FTS is effective in restoring insulin production in animal models — which could spell an end to the daily needle injections endured by diabetics.
"Our anti-Ras compound has shown very positive results in inhibiting diabetes," says Mor. And given the drug's history — FTS has already passed toxicity studies for other diseases and disorders — it has the potential to fast-track through FDA regulatory hurdles, skipping straight to Phase II clinical trials. A new drug for diabetes could be ready in as little as five years' time.
Helping the immune system do its job
Previous studies by Prof. Kloog's lab found that the FTS compound is effective against autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis and lupus, "but the mechanism of its effects on immune cells was not well understood," says Mor. "I wanted to see if there was a connection between Ras and the regulation of the immune system, and if so if FTS could help regulate it to prevent or slow diabetes."
Through treating cells with the Tel Aviv University FTS compound, Mor was able to find and isolate an important immune system regulator protein called Foxp3. This protein keeps T cells in the immune system in check. T cells are the immune system's "soldiers" that fight off infection and disease. In her studies in the lab, when Mor blocked Ras using the FTS drug, she was able to increase the Foxp3 protein which gave a boost to the all-important T cells.
Slowing diabetes to a crawl
Mor then theorized that if the amount of regulatory T cells in the body was increased, the progression of diabetes would diminish. "My aim was to slow down diabetes, which brings a suitcase of side-effects like circulatory problems that lead to blindness and amputations," she says.
In her recent study, Mor treated pre-diabetic mice for six months. One group was given FTS, another was given no drug at all. The outcome was dramatic. Only 16% of the treated group developed diabetes, while 82% of the untreated group became diabetic. Also, insulin production from beta cells in the treated group of mice increased in comparison to insulin production in the non-treated group, she reports.
"Diabetes is my main concern," Mor concludes. "So many children and adults continue to suffer from the disorder. Since the FTS molecule is very easily absorbed into the blood, it could be the first diabetes treatment in pill form to moderate insulin production in juvenile diabetes, slowing down the progression of the disease. It could help a lot of people."
Wednesday, August 12, 2009
August 13, 2009
New diet drug attacks craving center
Tuesday, July 21, 2009 10:06 AM
July 21, 2009 (WLS) -- Could a cure for obesity be just a pill away?
Some doctors are hopeful about a new drug which could be on the market as soon as early next year.
The drug, called Contrave, shows promise for the 26 percent of Americans who are obese and the 23 million Americans who have type-2 diabetes.
The manufacturers of the drug say the average patient who takes the drug for 12 months can expect to lose between 18 and 25 pounds.
In the recent trials, after 56 weeks, more than half reported weight loss of at least 5 percent, an average of over 17 pounds.
"This is not a drug for weight loss. This is a drug for the treatment of a serious condition, obesity," said Mike Narachi, president and CEO of Orexigen.
Contrave is actually a combination of two drugs: naltrexone, which is currently used to treat alcohol and drug addiction, and bupropion, an antidepressant. It's a heavy-duty drug cocktail and some weight loss experts have strong concerns about it.
The FDA just recently asked for a black box warning on bupropion because of an increase in suicidal thinking in patients taking it for depression.
Saturday, July 11, 2009
July 10 2009
Hello everyone..... I decided to CHILL OUT TODAY and not go to a show that was being held in NJ!!! I have two very BUSY weeks coming up... w/ tanning, make-up, hair, etc....
Here is some GREAT SHOES... in NYC!!!
Friday, July 10, 2009
Prebiotic vs Probiotic
Colette,Every and I mean EVERY diet needs to have some probiotic foods in it. Probiotic foods are live foods. Foods like yogurt that have active cultures. Did you know that almost every traditional diet has some "live" foods in it.The Russians have a favorite of mine, Kefir. For some reason Kefir just makes you feel good when you drink it and now with flavors like pomegranate or raspberry it is great. It is a milk based product and tastes like yogurt but is loaded with beneficial bacteria. My favorite brand is lifeway.The Germans have Sauerkraut which was originally fermented cabbage that had beneficial lactobacilli. The Koreans have Kimchi which is also fermented cabbage.The Japanese have several, one of which is natto, which is aprobiotic powerhouse. It is fermented soybeans. It has awful smell but I kind of like it. My Japanese friends say I am the only non-Japanese person they have ever seen eat it!!The point is that every healthy diet should include a live foodto balance the beneficial bacteria of the digestive system.So what is a PREbiotic?Miracle Noodles act a prebiotic. This means that by slowing downdigestion, it allows for the multiplication of the beneficial bacteria you eat. Are you starting to see why we call these Miracle Noodles?Regards,Jonathan CarpP.S. Ok, so have you gotten all the way to Lesson # 5 without even trying our noodles. You can get the 10 pack right now and be going prebiotic.
Visit us at :
The Miracle Noodle Website
Go buy some kefir at the store!! You will thank us, kids love it too!!
Tuesday, July 07, 2009
PITTSBURGH (June 30) -- The doctor had barely pulled away the needle when a blister appeared on Tracey Berg-Fulton's abdomen: An experimental shot was revving up the 24-year-old's immune system — part of a bold quest to create a vaccine-like therapy for diabetes.
"If we're right, that is what's going to stop Type 1 diabetes," said Dr. David Finegold as he watched the blisters appear — one to match each of four shots — with intense satisfaction.
It's a big "if." The research is in its infancy, a first-step experiment to be sure the vaccine approach is safe before researchers at Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh test their real target — kids newly diagnosed with this deadliest form of diabetes.
Keith Srakocic, AP
Dr. David Finegold administers a vaccine-like injection into patient Tracey Berg-Fulton's abdomen, as part of an experimental therapy for Type 1 diabetes. The blisters forming at the four injection sites are a good sign for the test.
It's also part of a big shift: Scientists increasingly hope to control Type 1 diabetes by curbing the rogue immune cells that cause it, before patients become completely dependent on daily insulin injections to survive.
"Treating at onset in children is the best chance we have," said Pittsburgh immunologist Dr. Massimo Trucco, whose novel vaccine — made from patients' own blood — is among a handful of possible immune therapies being tested around the country.
About 3 million Americans have Type 1 diabetes, where the body mistakenly attacks and destroys cells in the pancreas that produce insulin, the hormone crucial to converting blood sugar to energy. It's different from the far more common Type 2 diabetes that is usually linked to obesity, where the body produces insulin but gradually loses the ability to use it properly. Type 2 patients have more treatment options, including diet and exercise.
To stay alive, Type 1 patients must rigorously inject insulin, or wear a pump that infuses it.
"It bothers me all the people who say, 'Can't you just exercise and get rid of it?'" said Berg-Fulton of Millvale, Pa., who was diagnosed just before her 10th birthday. "Type 2 gets all the attention. This is Type 1 — we die from this."
Hence the new push for immune therapy. Preserve enough precious insulin-producing cells before irreversible damage is done and maybe patients would need far less insulin, perhaps only occasional injections like when they splurge on ice cream.
But how? A "therapeutic vaccine" must shut down T cells that are the immune system's attack dogs, racing out to tackle infections or other invaders — but only the faulty ones that erroneously attack a Type 1 diabetic's own pancreas. Body-wide immune suppression would leave patients vulnerable to other illnesses.
Drug companies are biologically engineering antibodies to disarm those T cells. Two competing teams — MacroGenics Inc. and Eli Lilly, and Tolerx Inc. and GlaxoSmithKline — have advanced tests under way. Also, an experimental drug made from a kind of bone marrow stem cell might tamp down overly aggressive T cells.
Rather than a drug, Trucco's government-funded strategy: He blocks the 911 call that different white blood cells send to direct T cells to the pancreas. They're called dendritic cells, and altering three communication molecules on their surface basically confuses and paralyzes the T cells. In mice and monkeys, the reprogrammed cells ended the vicious cycle of a pancreas attack that in turn attracts more T cells to attack again.
Now to try it in people.
"It's a neat concept," said Dr. Jay Skyler of the University of Miami, who heads a consortium of diabetes specialists that is closely watching Trucco's experiment. "It has a whole lot of potential."
Exploring all the different immune-altering methods is important because combinations may be needed, said Dr. Richard Insel of the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation. Maybe a quick hit on T cells like antibodies might offer, followed by some gentler cell-based vaccines to keep them in check. But "these are early days," he cautioned.
"I'm getting poked for science," joked Berg-Fulton as Finegold, an endocrinologist and geneticist at Children's, readied her shots last week.
Back in April, Berg-Fulton donated her own blood so researchers could filter out immature dendritic cells and reprogram them. Reinject them just inside the skin over the pancreas — no deeper than a pinprick — and Trucco's animal experiments show the cells somehow find their way back to that organ to start working.
That might be too much poking for children; Trucco also is developing a more drug-like way to alter dendritic cells without removing them first.
For now, Berg-Fulton is part of a safety test, one of 15 adult diabetics being injected to make sure there are no unexpected side effects before researchers test if reprogrammed cells might really protect children's pancreas cells. Even if the vaccine ultimately works, she's had diabetes too long to benefit, Finegold carefully explained when she volunteered.
"I'd be lying to say I'm not a little disappointed" at that, Berg-Fulton told him. Think long-term, Finegold responded. If doctors one day learn to restore insulin production, they'll need to keep the faulty immune system from just destroying it again.
Current Trends in Hormone Therapy
This is the first of a three-part series on Current Trends in Hormone Therapy. Over the next several weeks, you can look forward to receiving information that builds upon this topic.
Part 1: Estrogen Therapy: Changes in Use
In 1995, approximately 38% of postmenopausal women in the United States were taking hormone therapy. At that time, several observational studies had suggested that hormone therapy offered women some protection against coronary heart disease and osteoporosis. A decision analysis published in 1997 concluded that the benefits of hormone therapy outweighed its risks for nearly all women. More recently, the results from 2 large randomized clinical trials, the Heart and Estrogen/progestin Replacement Study (HERS) and the Women’s Health Initiative (WHI), have demonstrated that the risks associated with hormone therapy outweigh the benefits for women taking continuous estrogen and progestin regimens. The results of these trials prompted the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to require new warning labels for all estrogen products. In addition, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force revised its assessment of hormone therapy to recommend against the routine use of estrogen and progestin for the prevention of chronic conditions in postmenopausal women.
Before the publication of HERS, the use of hormone therapy was increasing at a rate of approximately 1% per quarter. Following the publication of HERS, there was a decrease in use of about 1% per quarter. In contrast, the publication of the WHI was associated with a decline in use of 18% per quarter. Substantial declines in hormone therapy use were seen for most subgroups of women, including women with a previous hysterectomy, women older than 65 years of age, and women from several racial or ethnic groups.
WHI and Updates
The WHI studies were conducted on women aged 50 years or older without menopausal symptoms, most of whom were 10 years or more beyond menopause. In brief, the estrogen-alone study found that compared with placebo, oral estrogen was associated with no difference in risk for heart attack, increased risk of stroke, increased risk of blood clots, an uncertain effect on breast cancer, no differ ence in risk for colorectal cancer and reduced risk of fracture.2,3 In a substudy of women aged ≥65 years, oral estrogen was also associated with no protection against mild cognitive impairment, and an increased risk of dementia.
The estrogen-progestin study found that hormone therapy was associated with increased risks of heart attack, stroke, blood clots, and breast cancer, reduced risk of colorectal cancer, fewer fractures, and, in a substudy in women aged ≥65 years, no protection against mild cognitive impairment and an increased risk of dementia.2-4 Updates to the WHI have tended to confirm the notion that the main study findings cannot always be generalized to the entire population of postmenopausal women. Some analyses have shown possible heart benefits in women aged 50 to 59 or in those starting hormone therapy 5 In the estrogen-alone study, coronary artery calcium (CAC) scores, which are predictive of coronary events, were lower with estrogen treatment versus placebo in women aged 50 to 59 years.6 A combined analysis of the two WHI studies has shown that:
Risk of heart attack may not be increased in women starting hormone therapy <10 years after menopause, but there is increasing risk in those 10 or more years beyond menopause5
Risk of stroke is increased regardless of when therapy is started or number of years from menopause
Risk of death from any cause appeared to be reduced in women who started therapy at age 50 to 59 years. However, this new, combined analysis from the WHI hormone trials does not change the current recommendation that hormone therapy should not be used for prevention of heart attacks. If hormones do not increase risk of heart attack at younger ages–and even if they reduce risk in these age groups–there is no certainty that any benefit will persist with long-term use into older ages
Tuesday, June 23, 2009
How can we stop the obese from becoming more obese? Pretty simple. Stop feeding them. Think about the other common self-destructive human behaviors. On a commercial airplane, in a saloon, or at a professional sports event, if the customer is deemed to be drunk, the keepers of the booze key will lock the cabinet. If a person drives a car at a dangerous speed, the driver is subject to substantial penalties. For young persons known to be at high risk for early chemical addictions, society tries to prevent exposure to the addicting drugs. Overeating with underexercising is now killing more Americans than anything else except tobacco addiction. Yet, an obese person enters an eating joint, or a supermarket, and buys and eats any and everything he or she wants, and nobody seems to care. Does that make any sense to you? Meanwhile, Big Science strives to understand why people get fat; Big Genetics searches for the obesity gene so that stem cells could correct the flaw; Big Surgery lines up the morbidly obese to shunt their stomachs; Big Pharma seeks the next weight-loss pill that will help more people than it kills; Big Nutrition hawks the newest sure-thing, weight-loss diet; Big Fast Food pushes "healthy food" lines right next to their billion dollar unhealthy food lines; Big Soda and Big School Boards share the profit from drowning kids with calories from vending machines; and Big Exercise pushes group rates for aerobics class. Money made by so many special interests. All this while the simple answer is to stop eating; stop feeding the obese until they are no longer obese. Of course, that may be hard to do, and who makes any money that way? Fat chance for this crazy idea to go anywhere.